Read and listen to the following three conversations:
Listen to the conversations again and write the missing words.
Try not to refer to the above text:
Check your answers with the original conversations above.
- hello / Buenos días
- good morning /
- good afternoon / Buenas noches
- good night/ ¿Qué
- How´s it going?/ What´s up?
- goodbye/ Hasta luego
- see you
later / Hasta otra
, Hasta la
- see you soon
Thank you very much. The response is 'De nada'
- you´re welcome
Gracias por el café
De nada = Thanks for coffee
Listen and repeat the expressions.
·I am Spanish.
·You are English.
·You are English (formal).
·He is Italian.
·She is a secretary.
·We are English.
·You are French (masculine plural)
·You are French (feminine plural)
·You are German (formal)
·They are Spanish (masculine)
·They are English (feminine)
= I am
= You are
Él es =
= She is
Vosotros sois =
You are (plural)
= They are (masculine)
You are (formal)
= You are (formal plural)
Listen and repeat.
often, the personal pronouns in Spanish (Yo - I
, tú -
, nosotros - we,
etc.) do not accompany the verb.
However, when using the formal 'usted' forms, it is common
to use the pronoun.
- Soy español. (yo) - I am Spanish.
americanos. (nosotros) - We are Americans.
bomberos. (ellos) - They are fireman.
Ustedes son bomberos. You (formal) are firemen.
Complete the following sentences. Use the above table if you
Check your answers
Where are they from? Choose the nationalities of the following
famous personalities. Choose from the list below and follow the
argentino / brasileño /
/ italiana / españoles / inglesa
contrast to many other languages, nationalities are not
written with a capital letter; Italian = italiano (m) /
, English =
inglés (m) / inglesa (f)
change from singular to plural, when the singular ends in a
vowel, just add an 's'
Add 'es' if
the singular ends with a consonant.